Thursday, December 12, 2019

My house, fortress, and around the country Monument Bamboo Curtain

By Ambrose Harto, executive summary by darmansjah

It says "this trellis warped by Japanese soldiers who failed to break through" on a piece of paper in the window Diaolou Park Li, Kaiping, Jiangmen, Guangdong, China.

Only bars that damage Diaolou. Similarly, generic expression of the fort and watchtowers to protect the lives and property of the inhabitants as battered Japanese soldiers in 1941. The period 1937-1945 was a time of the Japan-China War: part of World War II.

Foreign soldiers strong armor Mathari Sunrise failed topple Diaolou built very carefully, rigorously, as well as glamor by merchants Lei Xie Wei period 1926-1936. Rifle butts and bayonets Just imperial army capable bend or scratch the walls and towers.

Li is the merchant who is successful in business migrated to the U.S. with crafts, clothing, medicine, and spices. In the land of Uncle Sam, Li was awarded marry four women and 21 children. The first wife gave birth to nine children, his second wife for not giving the child died at 19 years, the third wife gave birth to 10 children, four wife born and 2 children.

Miss homeland

Many years of life and success in the U.S. failed to remove deep-seated longing to hometowns. That desire yagn push Li back. As a token of love for his home and family, the son of Xie Sheng Pan complex is built residence and 11 acres of gardens period 1926-1936.

Li tower is one of 1,833 Diaolou in the care, supervision, and management of government as well as defined by UNESCO as world cultural heritage. In 7000 dialou Kaiping never built, but many were destroyed by the left and not treated.

In 1950, builders merchants dialou wander back to the U.S. and Canada. That period was the beginning of an era of communist rule China and engorgement of immigration in foreign policy. Since then, Diaolou no longer an advanced home and family fortress. Buildings surviving monument be preserved.

Tower of wealth.

Broadly speaking, Diaolou consists of three kinds. First, the rich building that can be seen from the absence of similar buildings and houses in the vicinity. Second, community building or dwelling people. Third, the control tower which is usually located on the side of the building.

In Li Park complex, the main building is Diaolou four floors, patterned Victorian era with the presence of pillars at the main entrance floor of 1,2, and 3, but the Chinese roof architecture. The walls are made of solid concrete from the UK. Bars, windows, and doors of the tough German steel. The floor is composed of a beautiful marble tiles from Italy.

In Cantonese, concrete called Hoong moe nie (red hair's soil) that refers to Europe. All building materials purchased in Macau or Hong Kong yagn apda the 19th century and the 20th is the center of international trade. Incidentally, Kaiping, Macau, and Hong Kong is relatively not too much because it is in the southwest of China facing the South China Sea.

The inside Diaolou Li decorated luxury furniture of wood and marble, dishes, cups, mugs, and teapots from ceramics and silverware, kitchen utensils from bamboo, wood, and metal, toilet seat, bathtub, chiming wall clock from Germany, paintings painter Europe and China, rows of classic framed family photos, even radio and record player. The building and its contents as menasbihkan Li as the most successful boss in Kaiping.
In addition there are three residence buildings similar newfangled. Two family relatives. One for the tower monitoring and supervisory situations.

When Li and merchants build Diaolou Kaiping origin, political and economic situation in China turbulent and uncertain due to the revolution overthrowing the empire. Wealthy families often become the target of a robbery that build Diaolou a need and necessity as well as the prestige and honor. Castle mighty mini also saves the Li family of looting sedadu Japan during the war.

In 1936, Li successfully completed the construction of the complex which come with, hall, pavilion, bridge, and even a secret tunnel. The river empties into the canal Tanjiang and south china sea, a route of transmission to Kaiping origin migrants worldwide.

The complex was abandoned garden. Li family returned to the U.S. to continue doing business. In 1970, Li died and was buried in the U.S.. To commemorate Li, figure bronze statue placed in front Diaolou a sitting position while holding the fan is still covered.

In 1999, the third wife, Yu Qiong Yao, came and handed Kaiping Li Garden to be managed and maintained by the government for 50 years as a tourist attraction. In 2007, Park Li is included in the world cultural heritage in Kaiping set by Unesco.

In rural Zili, Tangkou, Kaiping, Diaolou built by a highly successful entrepreneur in the restaurant yagn Chichago, USA, 1821-1830, is still very well preserved. Run Fang Wen's four-storey building named Mingshi, including Nine Diaolou and six colonial villas with traditional houses.

Wen residence stands out with a mixture of Asian and European architecture. Concrete walls of the British steel bars from Germany, Italian marble floors and luxurious furnishings Asia-Europe.

A number of steel bars fitted with a padlock as a way to save themselves from attack. On the left and right of the entrance there are two holes box size of 5 cm. hole for a cure to kill rifles are considered hazardous.

Being on the roof Mingshi, be satisfied to see all sides visible Diaolou (Anlu Juan, Longsheng, Quianju, Yinong Yunhua, Zhenan, and Zhuling). Around there is a row of old houses Diaolou population. Until the distance, lay the rice field with yellow rice and embankment where buffalos, children, and farmers across. The beauty of that is encouraging filmmakers in the movie mandarin perpetuate Zili Let The Bullet Fly with the main actor Chow Yun Fat.

Monday, November 11, 2019

Tsunami Warning Hamaguchi

By Raditya Djati, executive summary by darmansjah

Traveling to the village Hiromura in Wakayama, Japan's western coast as well as bringing knowledge and awareness about natural disaster response. Visitors can experience the lives of the fisherfolk

Moreover, we can observe the advanced technology in early warning for natural disasters. I observed a hill dam has steel doors that can be closed when the tsunami arrives. To be more friendly to nature, the area along the hillside dams and planted with grass. Once a year to commemorate the spirit of the Japanese tsunami inventor character, Hamaguchi Goryou walking while carrying the torch along the dam.

Hamaguchi Goryou Hiromura born in the village in 1820. He is good at reading the signs of the natural coastal areas. He has saved so many lives when the tsunami hit the region, by getting people fled into the hills. A few moments later, He made a fire of rice bonds, known as Inamura-no-Hi-no-Yakata evacuation routes as a guide for people who are still in the coastal. The term tsunami is known throughout the world, popularized first by National Geographic in 1896 without converting it into English.

The government has made hiromura village as a center of learning of the first tsunami in Japan. Tsunami Educational Center presents historical documents, space simulation, relics spirit of Hamaguchi, three-dimensional theater, the stage of prevention to recovery after the tsunami disaster that is packaged in a traditional Japanese house. Really, it's a humane approach, how visitors brought to the past when she felt the spirit of Hamaguchi save lives and open a discourse of how to deal tsunami. On the ground floor, visitors can enjoy a folklore story teller brought Questioning tsunami, as a part of Japanese society today.

Thursday, October 10, 2019

OSAKA Castle

OSAKA Castle

By Renny Yaniar, executive summar by darmansjah

Osaka Castle was founded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the Japanese military authorities the 16th century. He built the castle became the headquarters for unifying Japan, as well as proof of his power as the leader of the region. Castles were built is different from other baseball-castle in Japan. Decorated with golden color, making the luxury and unparalleled glory across the country. A majestic castle stands majestically in front of me. To get inside, visitors paying 600 yen (around USD6.5). From floor 1 F, I rode the elevator up to the floor 5F. On the second floor there is a war picture of summer in Osaka on screen. There is a diorama in the window. Visitors can learn how the soldiers uniform in the past, weapons, and battle formation.


Next I climbed the stairs to the second floor 8F, the observation room. From here I look at all sides of the city. The castle was destroyed during the war several times and rebuilt.

When viewed from the air, castle shaped like a square of eight. The building is surrounded by a wide moat. First, the activities in and out of the castle is connected to the bridge leading to main gate (Otemon).

Gate after a fire in 1783 it was rebuilt in the year 148. From there, there's more gates (sengan Yagura) as the holder of an enemy attack. After passing through the gate, the wall around the big and tall. Today, most of the existing buildings have been converted into schools, venues, and shops.