Monday, June 11, 2018

Sesari Tari

Ungkapan klasik ”sejauh-jauh burung terbang akhirnya pulang ke sarang” berlaku bagi I Ketut Rina (50). Sejak usia 11 tahun ia sudah keliling Eropa bersama rombongan penari Dongeng dari Dirah pimpinan koreografer kawakan Sardono W Kusumo. Sejak itu, karma hidup Rina tak jauh-jauh dari

Pada sore hari, lelaki berambut gondrong itu acap kali terlihat nongkrong di tepi jalan. Sealin juntaian rambutnya melewati bahu, kumis dan jambangnya yang tumbuh liar menambah sangar tampangnya. Wajah Ketut Rina sering membuat orang-orang salah duga: preman atau seniman? Predikat itu hanay dibatasi selaput tipis yagn muadh termbus pandang. Jadi, bisa seniman, bisa juga preman, Ha?

Wednesday, June 6, 2018

Among Glaciers

Among Glaciers

paved roads to agricultural areas in the south. From the top of a pick-up capacity of 4 people, we see the vegetation thinning, shrinking agricultural land, the land dried up, and the sky seemed closer horizon away. In 40 minutes we move from the countryside to the cozy Highlands, is uninhabited and barren. F26 replaced with asphalt roads, or paths Sprengisandur, which parallel the crack zone. Unpaved road dust is large enough to pass two vehicles and only opened in the summer.

You can go through the pathways along nearly 200 miles in a day, as long as the weather and water levels permitting. Several hours passed, it seems glacier Hofsjokull meets the horizon on the west side, as well as several mountain peaks. “I've climbed that it, and that was years ago," Inga, mountaineers senior, said. "Glaciers melting," he added. We passed through one corner of the largest national parks in Europe, Vatmajokull. Same name for the glacier here, also the largest in Europe. At the heart buried beneath the caldera.

Under Vatmajokull, tendrils flood-magma-Formatting a hot spot volcano Grimsvotn, that erupted in 1966, 1998, and 2004. The last eruption was 152 m melt ice in an hour and spewing ash that reached Finland. Some geologists reveal areas that may destroy in part the earth's crust as nails destroy weathered wooden planks. If there is a point that separates Europe and North America, it's here.

In the summer season, the sun still lit up at six o'clock, as we descended the valley Krokdalur.
We admired the series of waterfalls formed by glaciers. Back to the asphalt road. As evening approached, we arrived at the inn near a charming north coast Husavik, which is the area to see the whales. Husavik economy now depends on the people who are interested in seeing whales in the open sea NDI their dinner plates.

Saturday, May 5, 2018

ISLANDS source of fire

ISLANDS source of fire

WE GET TO the south side, where there are gaps that later gave rise to land just off the coast. We follow a line along the excavation through the confines of dust (tephra) on Heimaey, the main island in the Westman Islands, on the south coast of Iceland. Rounded the corner, we see things puih poking around the corner. It is a terraced roof.

The place is nicknamed "Pompei of the North." A sign bearing the name of the family who lived here before January 23, 1973, when the fracture Vestmannaeyjar devastated port city. Fortunately, sedan fleet anchored,
when molten lava to spread further, evacuation efforts amounted to 5300 lives could be implemented in a matter of hours. Arni tells us how his friend Johann Johanson recalled that eruption. "He was 12 years old when it happened. On the day of the evacuation, the mother forced the family to flee to finish breakfast before the ship. Ah, the Iceland! Sure eruptions can wait while you finish oatmeal.

The eruption formed a new mountain and devastated 300 homes. Battalion seek vessels using stem the lava tube, and presumably their efforts succeed. Lava flows caught before reaching the port,
although many houses collapsed, unable to resist his thick ash.

When I first came here in the summer of 1973, a new eruption ended, the ash still covered the slopes. Yet there are people who come back, but the workers and international volunteers have cleared the whole town. 

The announcement echoed in Reykjavik Airport warned travelers Heimaey if you want to walk on the black lava to use anti-fire footwear. At that time, local tour guide took me to a house two-thirds share of ash buried. With great difficulty we climbed to reach the upstairs window, broke through the bedroom.  "This is the door leading downstairs," he said, and we opened it. Hot humid air that wafted. Vapor granules that meet the ceiling fell. He shut the door.

Now, 39 years later, we enjoyed lunch at the cafe Kro, where tourists from Reykjavik for the weekend and watch the movie-documentary about the history of past eruptions. To me, it seemed just yesterday.

In 1974, local residents take advantage of lava to warm up the whole town had just recovered. Now, meet the needs of geothermal heat and hot water for 92% of the building. A first-time travelers to Reykjavik told me after he defecated in the toilet:  "One of the taps were connected to the glacier and the other to hell." 

Reykjavik also warms most streets and sidewalks. In 1980, geothermal power plant was built 47 km on the Reykjanes peninsula. Later this became the Blue lagoon spa, superior tourist-packed with people who like to soak in mineral water colored cobalt. But geothermal power, which I think is the most secure new energy, even sparked debate. After the economic crisis in 2008, when the currency kronur dropped by 76% against the dollar, the leaders of this country too willing-will, according to some people trade two Icelandic natural resources, fish and energy. The third source is the natural scenery that attracts tourists. And it sparked controversy.

On the way back to our friend's cottage, I read the English-language biweekly tabloid, Reykjavik Grapevine, yagn contains letters to the debate surrounding the geothermal plant. Merke involved debate among other singers Björk and Ross Beaty, CEO of Magma Energy Corp., Company-owned geothermal Canada. The company has signed a contract with the government, according to Beaty, will be very profitable. Bjork said the geothermal landscape will hurt, and gave off a lot of volcanic gases into the air. I remember Omar saying about geothermal cracks which be built in the north. That's our next goal.

Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Black glacier

Black glacier
Arriving in ICELAND, I put the question to my friends lam, Ingibjor (Inga) and Arni G. Eliasdorttir Sigurdsson, around the Eyjafjallajokull volcano is more active on the east side.

"Will Katla erupts?"

 I do not want to know the origin. Katla is great. When he broke out, the ice melted, the size of the Amazon River flood vent-called bad jokulhlaup or explosion glacier-pass land to the sea coast. Ready to eliminate anything in this area, including some of Ring Road around Iceland.

 Inga shrugged. "As far as I've nearly erupted Katla." We sat together at the last supper at the cottage owned by Inga and Arni in Grimsnes, about an hour from Reykjavik In 2008, they never saw the earthquake triggered landslides.

Katla non active every 70 years, at least 50 years. Three times Eyjafjalljokull first erupted, Katla followed about a year or two years later.

We met Inga, inspector general cleanliness, and Arni, retired airline captain, 16 years ago while vacationing in the Caribbean. Since then, we exchange visits with these couples. For them, living near a volcano that erupts every few years has become a part of life. "The pilots are trained to fly in the mountains." Arni said. "Usually it is best to fly under the cloud of ash, because of the volcano spewed ash so high."

In 2010, the eruption resulted in the crater summit Eyjafjalljokull eastern chap, and create two new mountain. Inga climbing photo exhibit at the end of May two years ago after the eruption. "This is a new mountain," he said with pride: We are "Creating the" mountains in Iceland. In the northern slopes of the volcano, the lava flowed down the shallow layers of the glacier, breaking down the ice, creating ice cliffs that make Omar insisted invited me to fly around it. 

We drove to east Eyjafjalljokull use 4WD pick-up truck belonging Arni glowing red. Tip of the iceberg crowned morning fog - black, not white. "As there is nothing wrong in the sky," said Sally. Ash 60 to 90 centimeters thick glacier covering the volcano.

We stopped at a shopping center and rushed encounter Thorey, wife of pilot friend Arni. Ash from eruptions and floods, he said, stopping way back to Reykjavik as she and her husband for a weekend in South Beach. To get home, they have to drive direction along the road for two days. He pointed to a dog in his car, which was named after the volcano. "His name Eyjafjallaskotthildur."

"You call him by that name?" I asked.

"See the tail? White at the tip and the rest black - same as ash-covered glacier white, "said Thorey. He looked at the dog lovingly saying, "We call him Skotta supa shorter."


Now, near Hvolsvollur, Arni drove us to meet Omar, who was waiting in the lobby of a hotel, wearing a jacket and tie. I could not resist the invitation to fly, and we also headed airfield where there are battered his Cessna. Sally gave a kiss that made ​​me not sure I can "back safe." Omar and I was wearing a seatbelt and take off. Within minutes we were flying over the river and through the valley of land shaded by trees immediately to the top of Eyjafjalljokul’s glacier . Looks like a fallen soufflé and burned the top.

"That cliff," exclaimed Omar against the roar of the engine. Looks ice tower black white and gray. The pilot flew low across the mist-exciting-but-not comforting. "I think I can fly down there," Omar cried. Oh, my goodness.

In turn and drift back to the top, then fall sharply. We flew zig-zag under a layer of mist, cliffs, walls of ice barely clinging wing. He reduced speed, flying a plane with one hand while photographing them. Either the pilot or pilots fail reliable. Flight time is bad.

The cliff was "something that might not be seen again by man, especially if global warming melt the glaciers," Omar said at all after we landed (while I was still out of breath). For him, the change was remarkable geological Iceland. Miscellaneous faults, cracks, depression, volcanic vents, as tectonic plates separating mainland Europe and North America. Two major fissure zone in southern Iceland drain the hot water and forms a new volcanic mountains.

Zone of the western part of the sea swell, making Rekyjanes Peninsula, then turned to Reykjavik, where there Thingvellir. In this valley MPs in the heyday of Viking outdoor meeting space, precisely at the edge of a fracture; Geysir, the shower's hot.

Saturday, March 3, 2018

Life at the Top of the caldera

Share author traveled Vulkan in Iceland Glacier yagn hooks to Black, heated controversy, and learning coexist with Lava.

by Jonathan B Tourtellot (is National Geographic Fellow), executive summary by darmansjah

"I was able to fly you to vulkan!" Cried the enthusiastic pilot. "This is a rare opportunity! We'll fly low zig-zag between the ice cliff. "He moves his hands like a wriggling snake, adding:" Flying lower the better. Flying high could hit the cliff. "Then he told me about the wonders of lava, the greatness of nature, carelessness government-things I do not know. Vulkan or mountain berapai it, Eyjafjallajokull, erupted two years ago. Blankets ashes crippling road and air traffic in Europe for days-the worst disaster after World War II (called, "that vol-CANE-oh in ICE-land").

The pilot was the Icelandic versatile, Omar Ragnarsson, 70, radio entertainers, filmmakers, newscasters, journalists, comedians, politicians, and environmental activists. In the summer, he wrote a blog about the dangers that threaten the countryside in Iceland. He wrote what he saw from the cockpit of his Cessna 172 for the 35-year-old opener people about Eyjafjallajokull (read: Ehya-fyettala-yuh-kuttle).

I'm doubtful. It seems not a good idea surrender my life to the aging pilot who likes to fly this plane passed. Especially my wife, Sally, had intended traveled vulcan in Iceland (this trip with his wife for the third time, and I personally the sixth time). We never get tired of enjoying the diversity as well as natural and cultural uniqueness of the country inhabited around 309 000 inhabitants. While Virginia hit by a humid summer, we have reason to fly to Iceland to experience the cold dry, volcanic eruptions as well.

Iceland topped the Mid-Atlantic ridge, belt mountains and valleys where the eruptive fissure periodic basis to expand the Atlantic Ocean. We want to experience living in settlements frenzy, down the active volcano area of the south coast after the Westman Islands, wading interior Arctic, to the city of Husavik on the northeast coast. Just what we worry about: Will the recent eruption attract crowds of tourists?