Monday, December 5, 2011


executive summary by Darmansjah
Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in northern China, built originally to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire against intrusions by various nomadic groups. Several walls have been built since the 5th century BC that are referred to collectively as the Great Wall, which has been rebuilt and maintained from the 5th century BC through the 16th century. One of the most famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. Little of that wall remains; the majority of the existing wall was built during the Ming Dynasty.

The Great Wall stretches from Shanhaiguan in the east, to Lop Lake in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia. The most comprehensive archaeological survey, using advanced technologies, has concluded that the entire Great Wall, with all of its branches, stretches for 8,851.8 km (5,500.3 mi). This is made up of 6,259.6 km (3,889.5 mi) sections of actual wall, 359.7 km (223.5 mi) of trenches and 2,232.5 km (1,387.2 mi) of natural defensive barriers such as hills and rivers

Taj Mahal in Northern India
The marbled Taj Mahal with its elegant dome and faultless symmetry is the most beautifully designed building in the world. The emperor built it as a tomb for his beloved wife. 

Taj Mahal is a monument located in Agra, India. Built on the desire of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, Jahangir's son, as a mausoleum for the wife of Persian, Arjumand Banu Begum, also known as Mumtaz-ul-Zamani or Mumtaz Mahal. Its construction took 23 years (1630-1653) and is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture.

Shah Jahan, the emperor of the Mughal Empire has a great wealth during its heyday. In 1631 his second wife died while giving birth her ​​daughter Gauhara Begum, the 14th child to them.

In 1983 the Taj Mahal is accepted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Bali Located in Indonesia
Bali's picturesque rice terraces are legendary, as is its exciting culture, which includes internationally celebrated arts & crafts, music, dance and food.

Angkor Wat is the majestic ruins of a complex of structures built in the 12th century. For reasons not fully understood, the Khmers abandoned it. It then lay hidden under jungle growth for centuries. Located in Cambodia

Forbidden City
Located in Beijing, China
 Two dozen Chinese emperors ruled their nation for almost 500 years from inside the Forbidden City. This imposing  palace-fortress is well-preserved
Bagan Temples or Pagodas
Located in Burma (Myanmar)
Over 10,000 religious structures were built in Bagan in the 11th to 13th centuries. Many important ones have been preserved or reconstructed
Banaue Rice Terraces
 Location, Philipine
These steep rice terraces are unequaled in height and vastness. They were sculpted with handtools over a two millennia period.

Potala Palace at Lhasa
The sizable Potala Palace was the winter political seat and still the religious center of Tibet. The building commandingly hugs the side of a steep hill overlooking Lhasa, the Tibetan capital.
Tibet, China.

Qin Terra Cotta Warriors
The life sized pottery army called the Qin Terra Cotta Warriors was buried in underground vaults over 2000 years ago. They were not discovered until several decades ago. Thousands of baked clay figures were found.
This tall and wide religious stupa was constructed in the 8th century, then neglected and blanketed with wild greenery. Borobudur was uncovered in the 19th century.Located in Indonesia.


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