Thursday, August 11, 2011

Jatiluwih, Karisma Tourism Village

Jatiluwih, Karisma Tourism Village

Subak irrigation system and terracing and organic fertilizer from animal manure applied in the Village Jatiluwih, Penebel District, Tabanan, Bali, on Wednesday (2 / 2).

Original Narated by KHAERUL ANWAR, executive summary by Darmansjah Godjali

Four foreign tourists rushed out of the car Avanza, then headed for camp (cage) a cow that was grazing in a patch of rice field Jatiluwih Village, District Penebel, Tabanan, Bali, on Tuesday (1 / 2).

Travellers from Europe that turns the background of photographs with panoramic rice terraces and the Rock You, in addition to Mount Batur and Mount Agung looming vaguely in the back covered in fog in the afternoon.

Not long ago, came several minibus carrying tourists from Europe, Japan, and Singapore is made up of children and adults. Once the vehicle is parked, they rushed to take pictures and drop the view into the expanse of rice terraces which issued the new rice crop shoots.

Terraced rice fields as a point of view it is across the main road that separates the village houses are generally edged Jatiluwih search as a farmer. Swath-petaknya extend follow the contours of the land so that travelers could have been hanging out in a paddy field which witnessed a vehicle like a painting of nature.

Steps of rice paddies, cool highlands, as well as farmers passing by carrying a hoe, sickle, and device events to pray in the temple fields before working on arable land may have a charisma Jatiluwih Village, Village Mengesti, and several surrounding villages. That consideration seems to farming areas in the villages was proposed as world cultural heritage to the UNESCO.


The proposal for Nengah Virata, Village Chief Jatiluwih, have consequences, among others, the area becomes "common property" of local residents and people of the world (tourists). Owners, especially investors, are not free mengalihfungsikannya. That is, "Tourists just enjoy the tour of this region, but they stay somewhere else," said Made Suarya, farmer and retired from the Army Wangaya Betan Hamlet, Village Mengesti.

Rice acreage in the Village Jatiluwih relatively narrow, which is 303 hectares (ha), and in the Village Mengesti 160 ha. However, both contributing to the Tabanan regency of Bali Province as a granary.

On the other hand, according to Virata and Suarya, rice fields and natural surroundings is a manifestation of Hindu teachings contained in the Tri Hita Karana: man's relationship with God, human relationships, and human relationships with nature. Harmonization antarkomponen relationship was applied by generations through Subak-water-system land use and meaning of social solidarity, mutual cooperation, and tolerance. The values ​​of solidarity is also represented by the presence of Muslim settlements in the hamlet of Soko, Countryside Village Jatiluwih Senganan-neighbor.

Noted there are 12 families (75 people) who live there. "We are the seventh generation here," said Jamirin, the board of Masjid Al Hamzah, who was at a plateau. When built, the residents are Hindus helped flatten the hills where the mosque now stands.

So far, they coexist peacefully, even mother Jamirin, namely Siti Suwani, are converts from Jatiluwih Village. The tradition of exchange of visits during Eid and Galungan, even tradition ngejot (bring food) when each people celebrate religious holidays, still runs today.

Harmonious relationship that runs down through the generations, as a strategy of local rice varieties that lace-rigging with the social and cultural values ​​and local wisdom. One of them, never established a permanent building in the rice fields. Because, with the situation in the middle of the open fields, the building is very prone to being struck by lightning. Therefore, farmers only build camp (huts) that serves as a warehouse for storing agricultural equipment or cattle pens. Camps and cattle were double play to produce fertilizer raw materials and processing of organic fertilizer from cow dung or buffalo.

With organic fertilizers, the Suarya which has 0.30 acres (30 square meters) of rice fields can be gained 2 tons of dry grain harvest. Results were very high compared to land that is sprinkled with chemical fertilizer production 16 quintal.

Agrarian tradition was allegedly associated with the myth that accompanies Pura Batu You and other great temples, such as Besakih, Lempuyang, Andakasa, and Pura Batur in Bali. That said, a long dry period occurred around Pura Batu You. People went in the woods looking for food. Among them, the atmosphere between the conscious and unconscious, is shown "sight unseen": rice with yellow rice and an unoccupied house a grandfather.

They were asked to stop at that house, and his grandfather gave them rice seedlings gaga. When the rice seed is received, the grandfather and the house was gone instantly. Communities also carry the message of his grandfather to plant rice seedlings that.
Message" is then manifested in the cropping farmers. In the village Mengesti, for example, farmers must plant a local variety (brown rice and white rice) in the rainy season (kertamasa). While the dry season (gadon / gadu) in July-August, farmers are allowed to plant varieties IR 64 and pulses. Cropping pattern was reinforced awik-awik (rules) by Subak respectively.

That said, had violated the tradition of planting it so that all the rice plants resulted in crop failure due to pest attack and plant hopper mice.

Even if there is no crop failure, farmers were also blocked sanctions: no quota of water for their fields or burdened ceremonies at the temple at a cost of Rp 3 million. Jatiluwih already set ....

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