Saturday, December 12, 2015


Executive summary by darmansjah

A Day in the Life of Marrakesh, from sunrise to sunset, snake charmers, storytellers, acrobats and street vendor bring the medina to life. By Tahir Shah

The heat of day

With the noon sun above them, a circle of 50 people are standing in the centre of Djemaa el-Fna, the magical heart of Marrakesh. They’re packed in tight, shoulder-to-shoulder, necks craning forward, beads of perspiration on their brows. There’s a sense of raw anticipation, an electric atmosphere, like the meeting of a secret fraternity.

Push through into the halka (opening) and you glimpse the reason they’re there. Blindfolded and with outstretched arms, a tall, swarthy Tuareg named Abdul-Rahim is on tiptoes in the middle of the ring. To the delight of the audience, he is bellowing at the top of his lungs as he recounts a tale of war and love from One Thousand and One Nights. A storyteller by trade, Abdul-Rahim’s profession is as old as the square in  which he performs day in, day out.

Its name translating as the ‘place of annihilation’-possible a hint to the time when the square was used for public executions – Djemaa el-Fna is where Moroccan people come for food, for healing and, most of all, for entertainment. The labyrinth of streets that form the medina behind it creates a natural balance to the square. They were once part of a distant desert oasis, the spot where the seed of Marrakesh fell centuries ago.

No-one who’s ever strolled through Djemma el-fna can forget its eclectic stew of humanity – the snake-charmers and tumbling acrobats, the medicine men and blind men, the madmen and doped-out hippies and, of course, the storytellers like the inimitable Abdul-Rahim.

Taking a break from the epic tale, he knocks back a tin mug of water. ‘I have spent 40 years out here in the sun, the rain and the desert wind,’ he says. ‘Look at my cheeks – each day is recorded on my face.’

Sponging a rag over his brow, he calls out for the audience to come back that evening when the heat has waned.

How does he know they’ll return? The storyteller grins at the question. ‘I left our hero imprisoned by a wicked jinn (genie). Of course they’ll be back – they’re desperate to hear what happens next!’

To the left of Abdul-Rahim squat a cluster of snake-charmers, the piercing hum of their rahita flutes bewitching all who hear it. The serpents are knocked from their rest beneath a clutch of circular drums. Dazzled by the sudden blast of sunlight, a pair of spitting cobras rear up, poised to strike. Seemingly immune to the heat, their master is dressed in a thick woolen jellaba robe, a strand of ragged calico wrapped around his head. And around his neck – its tongue licking the afternoon air – is a frail water snake, a parched desert accessory.

Slip out of the square, past the orange juice stalls and the old men who sell single cigarettes, and you reach the cool, sheltered lanes of the medina. On the corner stands a water seller, his red shirt crisscrossed with bandoleers from which brass bowls are slung, his creased face shaded by a wide-brimmed hat from the Rif Mountains. The seller, with his bright costume, brass bowls and dripping goat skins, is part tourist photo-op, part deliverer of sustenance through hot afternoons, and is synonymous with the Red City like nothing else.

With no paying takers, the water seller approaches a pair of boys playing marbles in the dust. He fills a bowl for each of them, urging them to drink the water, with the words ‘children are blessing from God’.

With the light filtered through latticework and the sound of the muezzin calling the midday prayer, there’s a sense of limbo – the long wait for dusk. Nearby is a ramshackle caravanserai laid out around a central courtyard, tis shops packed with a hotchpotch or treasures and junk. Perched on a stool amid a sea of battered old pots, pans, brass lamps, scales and vast copper urns, is Mustapha. Gently fanning himself with a dusty magazine, he rolls his eyes, take a sip of piping hot mint tea and sighs.

‘It will change,’ he says slowly.

‘What will?’ 

‘All this – the fondouk (a storehouse and workshop), the shops, the life my family has always known. My sons don’t want any of it and I can’t blame them. All they want are computers the size of a matchbox.’ Mustapha motions to the lane outside and sighs again. ‘I’m a dinosaur, like so many others out there, and we’re about to become extinct.’

By late afternoon, the heat is suffocating, the sense of listlessness extreme. Leaving his shop unattended, Musthapa ambles away for a shave. The medina’s street are largely deserted, the shops selling tourist knick-knacks closed up, their owners catnapping inside.

The one stall doing brisk trade is serving up ample lunches until sunset. A row of workman are gorging themselves on individual lamb tajines, the conical pots steaming away. Circling their feet expectantly is a family of cats.

A stone’s-throw away is a great wooden door, lacquered dark with varnish, a fluted arch above it providing shade. Tucked away in the eaves are dozens of house martins’ nests. And, behind the door lies one of th jewels of Marrakesh – the 16th-century Kssour Agafay. A lynchpin of the old medina, the riad – now a guesthouse – is a showcase of ancient Moroccan craft.

To step across the threshold is to venture back through five centuries, the corridor spiraling upwards to a courtyard, itself open to the sky. The walls are adorned with hand-cut zallij mosaics, the floors laid in Andalucian tiles, and the magnificent doors comprised of geometrical fragments of cedar wood. The sound of water trickling from a fountain mingles with the scent of jasmine against a backdrop of sobriety – the kind only arrived at through the passage of time.

The night awakes

As the afternoon ebbs towards evening, the medina emerges from its slumber. Within an hour, the shops are awash with people there are tourists, of course, bargaining for all they’re worth. However, the further you get from Djemaa el-Fna, the more ordinary the wares on sale. Twist and turn down the telescoping lanes and you find a life that’s changed surprisingly little in centuries. There are shops touting simple wooden sieves and rough bellows, sacks of charcoal, salt, scrubbing brushes and cones of sugar. There are plenty of trappings from the modern world, too – plastic buckets and cheap Chinese running shoes, satellite dishes, laptops and mobile phones.

Out in the square, the muezzin calls the faithful to prayer, as has been done five times a day, every day, for a thousand years. Then, s the last strains of his voices melt away into the lengthening shadows, there’s a thunderous roaring sound.

From all side of Djemaa el-Fna, carts come flying forward, like gun carriages rolling out to war. On the back of each one is a jumble of cast-iron staves and struts, steel grills and trestle tables. Amid the deafening clatter of hammers, dozens of food stalls are hurriedly arranged.

On the square, the crowds are gathering again. Families out for an early evening stroll take in the free entertainment. Among them, Abdul-Rahim goes on with his tale, rescuing his hero in the nick of time from the jaws of death. Behind him, a band of spiritual Gnaoua musicians perform, the roots of their fraternity sinking deep into the African soil beneath them. They are a brotherhood of troubadours, dressed in desert robes, having emerged from the Sahara. Their caps are embroidered with cowry shells and they brandish qarkabeb (great iron castanets).

Across from them, there’s troupe of acrobats in matching turquoise livery, tumbling and falling, then climbing each other to form a towering human pyramid.

On the other side of the square, pas a line of stalls selling snails in hot broth, and a huddle of fortune-tellers, another circle is forming. At the centre, there’s a rough-looking giant, a week’s growth of beard on his cheeks. He’s wearing boxing gloves and is calling out for a brave man to take him on.

All of a sudden a young woman strides up, puts on gloves and throws a punch. To the delight of the crowd and, against all odds, she knocks the giant out.

Over at the food stalls, a haze of oily smoke is billowing up, as the last throes of platinum light fade into darkness. Above each stall is a number, and in front of each is a hustler cajoling lobster-red tourists and local Marrakchis to come forward and feast.

King of the hustlers is a fresh-faced man of about 30 who goes by the nickname Denzel Washington. Waving a laminated plastic menu at anyone within striking distance, he yells out his sales patter: ‘One-one-seven takes you  to heaven!’ behind him is a Moroccan smorgasbord of sheep heads and beef-heart kebabs, as well as spicy merguez sausages, oysters, scallops and fish.

With darkness descending, the food stalls take on an almost supernatural aura, illuminated by electric lamps, bathed in smoke and thronging with people.

On the stroke of midnight, there’s the whooping and hollering of a marriage party far away. Against the clattering of iron castanets and the heralding of trumpets, a bride is carried through the streets on a dais towards her awaiting groom.

In the medina, the shops have closed for the night. The water sellers, knife sharpeners and cigarette sellers have hurried off home. A stray dog barks loudly, but no-one cares. Most people are tucked away in the honeycomb of courtyard homes, watching the Egyptian soap operas of which Moroccan are very fond. In the square, over a bowl of harira – a thick Moroccan country soup – Abdul-Rahim is counting his coins. At the next tables is the boxing giant, his young female conqueror seated close besides him. In a ruse that’s misled countless audiences, they are father and daughter.

Denzel Washington rubs his eyes and gives the signal for the stall to be dismantled. Like many marrakchis, his days are long. By day he works in an orphanage, by night he hustles in Djemaa el-Fna. ‘Don’t forget,’ he calls out as I leave. ‘One-one-seven takes you to heaven!’

The Marrakesh night is punctuated by the occasional moped serving loudly and lightless through the medina’s empty lanes. Then, all of a sudden, the call to prayer breaks the silence before dawn, and night slips into morning.

The Circle completes

By sunrise, the scent of freshly squeezed orange juice wafts through the old city.  There’s the aroma of m’semmen and baghrir – the flour and water pastries that form the backbone of the Moroccan breakfast.

Stroll through the streets early and there’s not a foreigner in sight. Donkey carts and bicycles laden with panniers restock the shops and market stalls. A woman and her daughter amble down their lane, plastic buckets and stools in hand. They’re off to the hammam. A little boy, a wide wooden tray balanced on his head, is taking bread to the communal oven to be baked.

By 8am, the shopkeepers are sprinkling the street with water, keeping the dust down. Only when it’s damp do they begin the business of hanging out their wares, a process which is re-enacted in reverse each night. At the same time, children hurry out to school in prim pinafores, book bags strapped tight to their backs.

Souqs selling meat and produce are bustling by 9am. Housewives are picking live chickens and selecting vegetables one by one. In Moroccan household, essentials are bought fresh daily, even now that most homes have refrigerators. Through the cool morning hours the most strenuous work is done .the dyers hang out dripping skeins of wool, blacksmiths pound away at wrought-iron grills and leather tanners beat the skins. Gradually, the tourists venture out from their cosy riads and explore, taking pictures of everything that movies.

At the far side of Djemaa el-Fna, Mustapha the shopkeeper sits at Café de France, a day-old newspaper spread between his thumbs. With business so slow, he doesn’t bother turning up until the sun is overhead. A favourite haunt of Moroccan men, Café de France is an institution, and has been for as long as anyone can remember. The waiters weave solemnly between the tables, distributing clean ashtrays and glasses of tar-like café noir. By 10am, M’barak, a magico-medicine man, is laying out his stall. Dressed in the billowing indigo robes of Morocco’s south, his stock in trade includes dried Damask roses and lumps of sulphur, ostrich eggs, stork feathers, dried chameleons and hedgehogs, antimony, musk and phials filled with murky liquid.

Of all the square’s healers, M’barak does the briskest trade. Most customers are men who wave aside the treasure chest of obscure desert ingredients – they want his ‘secret remedy’. They come to me for this,’ M’barak says furtively, the glass phial catching the light. Pinching the end of his nose, he sniffs. ‘Saharan Viagra,’ he says.

Beyond the snake charmers, the Gnaoua, and the dentist touting secondhand teeth, Abdul-Rahim continues his tale. Arms splayed upwards and frothing at the mouth, he enacts the latest trials and tribulations in his hero’s life. The audience presses in closer as he breaks into a whisper. Craning forward, they all gasp at once.

A woman near the front begins to weep. ‘It can’t be true!’ she yells. ‘He can’t be dead!’ Abdul-Rahim tugs off his cap and shakes it slowly from side to side. ‘Spare me a coin,’ he says, ‘and I’ll tell you how it ends.’

From the clamour of the Djemaa el-Fna to the tranquility of a restored riad, Marrakesh can be as baffling as it is beguiling. Follow our guide to make sense of its labyrinthine medina.

Getting There

From Singapore and Kuala Lumpur, fly via Singapore Airlines ( or British Airways (, transiting at Madrid or London, before arriving at Marrakesh Menara Airport.

Getting Around

Much of the medina is only navigable on foot. Taxis are useful for getting between the medina and the Ville Nouvelle (fares from US$1.50).

Further Reading – At the time of going to press, there were no travel restrictions in place for Morocco
‘To visit Morocco is still like turning the pages of some illuminated Persian manuscript all embroidered with bright shapes.’ Edith Wharton.

3 Ways To Do it.


Budget; An old-fashioned riad in the Dar Bacha district, Dar Soukaina is all soaring ceilings, cosy nooks and graceful archways. Its nine rooms – each one named after a spice – are arranged around two central patios (from US$110;

Midrange; one of the oldest riads in the medina, Kssour Agafay was once home to a Moroccan noble family, and still features 16th-century tilling. Breakfast is served in the spectacular courtyard (from US$210;

Luxury; Once a sultan’s harem, Riad Kaiss has straightened up its act and is now one of Marrakesh’s most opulent places to stay. Carved stucco and Moorish arches abound in nine individually styled rooms (fromUS$280;


 Budget - BargainDjemma el-Fna food stalls are an essential Marrakesh experience – at sundown, stalls sell everything from kebabs to sheep’s heads (bowl of snail broth US$0.50).
Midrange; Bargain – Le Founddouk’s wrought-iron chandeliers and balustrades make for an imposing setting to tuck in to French-accented Moroccan food. Bag a table on the terrace when the weather’s good (; dishes from US$8).

Luxury; An art deco riad close to the Mouassine mosque is the home of Villa Flore – reinvented Moroccan salads and aromatic duck and lamb are among the dishes in an inventive menu (dinner US$40;


Budget; Once owned by designer Yves Sant Laurent, Jardin majorelle is home to more than 300 types of plant, plus tranquil pools and blue buildings (US$5;
Midrange; Moroccan cooking classes, making use of ingredients gathered from the market, can be taken at Souk Cuisine (from US$64;

Luxury; Le Palais Rhoul may have one of Marrakesh’s most up-market hammams, but it retains all of the traditional trappings – scorching hot rooms feature vaulted ceilings and zellij tilework (treatments from US$80;


Budget; A pocket of calm in the medina, Rahba Kedima Square is the spice market – herbal medicines are also sold (spices from US$1.50)

Mid-range; The KIF-Kif boutique showcases leather bags, jewellery and djellabas made by local artisans. Some 15 percent of profits made on items for kids goes to a local organization that supports disabled children (leather bags from Us$48;

Luxury; Yahya Lamps is renowned for the chic quality of its lamps. Yahya, the proprietor of this boutique, produces masterful examples of Moroccan metalwork featuring intricate patterns (from US$280;

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