Saturday, May 25, 2013

Gutenberg Museum


By ST Sularto, executive summary by darmansjah

There are two driving I visited Gutenberg Museum in the city of Mainz, Germany. First, the demonstration of the workings of the Johannes Gutenberg made ​​the printing press (1400-1468) at the Frankfurt Bookfair 2012. Second, a trend electronic books that threatens the existence of books in print.

Gutenberg Museum established since 1900. Mainz is a city with remnants of the ancient grandeur of the 19th century by building a model of a strong rigid Barock. Gutenberg Museum became the main attraction of the oldest cities in Germany, followed by Mainz cathedral that stands majestically in front of the museum is said to be the most beautiful buildings along the river Rhine which divides Germany.

Under the fresh air, before the end of autumn in mid-October, around the city and along the periphery of the Rhine, like a reflective journey. Reflections admiration of German superiority develop natural resources as tourism centers. While in Indonesia from day to day continue to neglect nature marred by greed? In addition, reflecting the admiration of the talents bestowed upon Germany by the various benefits that they develop.

German origins of human civilization, the pioneer and prominent starters of thoughts, ranging from economics, philosophy, to technology. Liberation theologies are carried Guitterez in Latin America were, for example, is said seed from Germany. Four God-given talents that they did not waste it. When was Indonesia, which may be awarded three or two talents are not wasted, and not buried in the ground?

In the sense of melancholy, envy, guilt and 'small' that I stepped into the door of the museum, which records the steps of groundbreaking human civilization in the days began to be bothered by the presence of electronic books. No warning no smoking, not to speak, and other restrictions unless prohibited to make a photo or record a video. Structuring the exhibition was neat, chronological, and there is a brief explanation in English and German.

First floor contains the results of the first print production workshop Gutenberg, the following developments printed book production before and after the Gutenberg press the 15th century. Icons on the first floor is the book Gutenberg printed the first Bible B42 and Calendar Turkey, two prints Gutenberg in 1454. Perhaps no other prints before, but the goods are not tracked.

Print history is familiar in Europe since the 14th century, but Gutenberg step further by finding a way to multiply text quickly, en masse, and more easily distributed.

The second floor contains the first printing machine replica in Gutenberg's workshop, in one after another with development and improvement by a number of other countries, even machines print version. The third floor contains the development of the production of books and newspapers,
following the latest developments with the actualization of digital development. There is one room on the floor to watch a movie about the world of printing which is of course a figure of Gutenberg.

Millennium Man

Gutenberg-paced tale about incomplete, and no source describes family life in full unless the child Highborn Friele Gensfleisch and Wirich Else, the date of birth was not clear certainty. On 24 January determined based on the caveat St. Johannes Gutenberg names when baptized Catholic in 1400 in a church that until now have not been remodeled left damaged by a bomb in the 18th century. Gutenberg body was buried in the center of Mainz.

Born and live in the Aufklarung, Gutenberg is one of the fruits of enlightenment rationalism medieval triggered by Rene Descartes, with one downside collusion world powers and authority of the Catholic Church, between the king and the pope / bishop. When disputes occur in Mainz between the nobility and the union peaked, the family fled to Eltville Gensfleisch, including Gutenberg. Back to Mainz in 1448, he entered the school gymnasium, an elite school in Mainz and then to the University of Erfurt.

On his return to Mainz in 1448, on a loan of 150 guilders Geltuhus Arnold for her first print workshop. Years 1449-1452, a businessman Johannes Fust loaned him 800 guilders for the gospel book printing project.

In 1452, Gutenberg had scored 180 gospel each containing 1282 pages. B42 called because each print column has 42 lines. Later, in 1455, the business was Gutenberg Bible printed by Fust legal dispute that resulted Fust previous hires Peter Schoffer, which then prints the second gospel in the museum original side by side with the Gospel B42. Gutenberg to continue working in the shop itself.

Passed away on February 3, 1468 without leaving a wife and kids so no one expected him to enter the convent, Gutenberg bequeath priceless treasures in human civilization. His name is fragrant as the inventor of the art of printing books.

In 1999, Gutenberg was named Man of the Millennium (human millennium, ten centuries) by a team of American journalists. The title is not only based on the findings of the printing press, but also as the foundation stone of the global history of human communication.

The Gutenberg press was becoming more and more meaningful as the actual world communication industry is currently preoccupied by fears of declining print-print world.

Growth stagnated print media, and even continue to decline marked the closing of a number of print media. Thomas Mayer forecast that in 2042 the print media will die not only anticipated, but used as part of media strategy in the future. Information delivered through multimedia, multiplatform, multichannel. Reading books is no longer just print, but also through many other ways.

Yet, for all the progress and developments in this fast, keep all started from the figure of Gutenberg. From the city of Mainz, civilization textbooks (which will still be sustainable) poking into every corner of the earth. Of Mainz, people see the world the universe!

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